This is an example of a mini horse with a severe underbite. This mini horse was having great difficulty eating due to the inability of the mouth to properly go into lateral excursion and there was no anterior/posterior movement. This mouth was locked up, therefore painful and this mini was having great difficulty eating.
This picture shows the finished product of an incisor bite alignment of the upper picture. There is no longer a risk of breaking or fracturing any teeth. The mini horse is now able to chew properly, without pain, and the mouth will go into lateral excursion with no difficulty. Also, putting a mouth like this in proper occlusion and balance enables the horse to chew the feed into its finest particulate matter.This and thus enables proper absorption of the nutrients, and digestion of the feed without the feed becoming lodged in the gut which happens when horses suffer from a feed impaction. Regular dental maintenance of this nature will help to avoid this type of problem.
Diagonal bite of the incisors. Note the shifted imbalance of the weight of the incisors is sitting on the right side of the horse’s mouth. This is prior to performing an incisor bite alignment.
Completion of the incisor bite alignment from above. The diagonal bite is now gone, the weight distribution is now even across the incisors which will lead to even wear of the incisors.
This is a picture of the 103 lateral incisor. Pictured, is lateral hook and this creates uneven / excessive pressure on the lower opposing tooth. When this happens, this can cause periodontal gum disease,mobile teeth, and tooth loss
This is the correction of the lateral hook. This has now taken the excessive pressure off of the opposing tooth. There is now a balanced mouth which in turn will promote even wear of all of the teeth and also promote longevity of the teeth and healthy gum tissue.
Example of exposed pulp of the 106 molar, which is the first upper molar. Noticed the very blackened area;. This cusp has been compromised, which is significant because this is the infidulum which is the blood flow to the tooth. If this is compromised, the tooth is no longer protected, it is compromised and can lead to tooth loss.This is caused through improper and or aggressive over floating of the molar arcades. This can also be caused from thermal (heat damage) if the practitioner is not properly cooling the mouth down via water irrigation. This can also be caused by protuberant molars that have (a) never been reduced or improperly reduced
(b) if the horse has never had a proper occlusal rebalancing of the mouth, the molars will wear excessively and unevenly, ultimately causing infundibular damage. Therefore, proper dental equilibration, rebalancing of the molar arcades and performing an incisor bite alignment are all necessary and crucial to ensure the mouth remains healthy and undamaged.
Example of an uneven bite and uneven weight distribution on the incisors. These teeth are not wearing evenly.
This is the correction made to the incisors pictured above. The teeth are balanced and will now wear evenly.